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WEB开发 > JSP >

JSP + Servlet实现生成登录验证码示例

发布时间:2017-04-08 | 阅读次数:1718

随机生成四位数验证码,包括汉字,数字,英文大小写。

1.Servlet类

package servlet;

import java.awt.BasicStroke;
import java.awt.Color;
import java.awt.Font;
import java.awt.Graphics;
import java.awt.Graphics2D;
import java.awt.geom.AffineTransform;
import java.awt.geom.Line2D;
import java.awt.image.BufferedImage;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.PrintWriter;
import java.util.Random;

import javax.imageio.ImageIO;
import javax.servlet.ServletException;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpSession;

public class PictureCheckCode extends HttpServlet {

   private static final long serialVersionUID = 1L; 

    public PictureCheckCode() { 
      super(); 
    } 

    public void destroy() { 
      super.destroy();  
    } 

    public void init() throws ServletException { 
      super.init(); 
    } 
    /*该方法主要作用是获得随机生成的颜色*/  
    public Color getRandColor(int s,int e){ 
      Random random=new Random (); 
      if(s>255) s=255; 
      if(e>255) e=255; 
      int r,g,b; 
      r=s+random.nextInt(e-s);  //随机生成RGB颜色中的r值 
      g=s+random.nextInt(e-s);  //随机生成RGB颜色中的g值 
      b=s+random.nextInt(e-s);  //随机生成RGB颜色中的b值 
      return new Color(r,g,b); 
    } 

  public void doGet(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response)
      throws ServletException, IOException {
    System.out.println("this is doGet method");
    this.doPost(request, response);

  }

  public void doPost(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response)
      throws ServletException, IOException {

    //设置不缓存图片 
    response.setHeader("Pragma", "No-cache"); 
    response.setHeader("Cache-Control", "No-cache"); 
    response.setDateHeader("Expires", 0); 
    //指定生成的响应图片,一定不能缺少这句话,否则错误. 
    response.setContentType("image/jpeg"); 
    int width=80,height=35;   //指定生成验证码的宽度和高度 
    BufferedImage image=new BufferedImage(width,height,BufferedImage.TYPE_INT_RGB); //创建BufferedImage对象,其作用相当于一图片 
    Graphics g=image.getGraphics();   //创建Graphics对象,其作用相当于画笔 
    Graphics2D g2d=(Graphics2D)g;    //创建Grapchics2D对象 
    Random random=new Random(); 
    Font mfont=new Font("楷体",Font.BOLD,16); //定义字体样式 
    g.setColor(getRandColor(200,250)); 
    g.fillRect(0, 0, width, height);  //绘制背景 
    g.setFont(mfont);          //设置字体 
    g.setColor(getRandColor(180,200)); 

    //绘制100条颜色和位置全部为随机产生的线条,该线条为2f 
    for(int i=0;i<100;i++){ 
      int x=random.nextInt(width-1); 
      int y=random.nextInt(height-1); 
      int x1=random.nextInt(6)+1; 
      int y1=random.nextInt(12)+1; 
      BasicStroke bs=new BasicStroke(2f,BasicStroke.CAP_BUTT,BasicStroke.JOIN_BEVEL); //定制线条样式 
      Line2D line=new Line2D.Double(x,y,x+x1,y+y1); 
      g2d.setStroke(bs); 
      g2d.draw(line);   //绘制直线 
    } 
    //输出由英文,数字,和中文随机组成的验证文字,具体的组合方式根据生成随机数确定。 
    String sRand=""; 
    String ctmp=""; 
    int itmp=0; 
    //制定输出的验证码为四位 
    for(int i=0;i<4;i++){ 
      switch(random.nextInt(3)){ 
        case 1:   //生成A-Z的字母 
           itmp=random.nextInt(26)+65; 
           ctmp=String.valueOf((char)itmp); 
           break; 
        case 2:   //生成汉字 
           String[] rBase={"0","1","2","3","4","5","6","7","8","9","a","b","c","d","e","f"};  
           //生成第一位区码 
           int r1=random.nextInt(3)+11; 
           String str_r1=rBase[r1]; 
           //生成第二位区码 
           int r2; 
           if(r1==13){ 
             r2=random.nextInt(7);   
           }else{ 
             r2=random.nextInt(16); 
           } 
           String str_r2=rBase[r2]; 
           //生成第一位位码 
           int r3=random.nextInt(6)+10; 
           String str_r3=rBase[r3]; 
           //生成第二位位码 
           int r4; 
           if(r3==10){ 
             r4=random.nextInt(15)+1; 
           }else if(r3==15){ 
             r4=random.nextInt(15); 
           }else{ 
             r4=random.nextInt(16); 
           } 
           String str_r4=rBase[r4]; 
           //将生成的机内码转换为汉字 
           byte[] bytes=new byte[2]; 
           //将生成的区码保存到字节数组的第一个元素中 
           String str_12=str_r1+str_r2; 
           int tempLow=Integer.parseInt(str_12, 16); 
           bytes[0]=(byte) tempLow; 
           //将生成的位码保存到字节数组的第二个元素中 
           String str_34=str_r3+str_r4; 
           int tempHigh=Integer.parseInt(str_34, 16); 
           bytes[1]=(byte)tempHigh; 
           ctmp=new String(bytes); 
           break; 
        default: 
           itmp=random.nextInt(10)+48; 
           ctmp=String.valueOf((char)itmp); 
           break; 
      } 
      sRand+=ctmp; 
      Color color=new Color(20+random.nextInt(110),20+random.nextInt(110),random.nextInt(110)); 
      g.setColor(color); 
      //将生成的随机数进行随机缩放并旋转制定角度 PS.建议不要对文字进行缩放与旋转,因为这样图片可能不正常显示 
      /*将文字旋转制定角度*/ 
      Graphics2D g2d_word=(Graphics2D)g; 
      AffineTransform trans=new AffineTransform(); 
      trans.rotate((45)*3.14/180,15*i+8,7); 
      /*缩放文字*/ 
      float scaleSize=random.nextFloat()+0.8f; 
      if(scaleSize>1f) scaleSize=1f; 
      trans.scale(scaleSize, scaleSize); 
      g2d_word.setTransform(trans); 
      g.drawString(ctmp, 15*i+18, 14); 
    } 
    HttpSession session=request.getSession(true); 
    session.setAttribute("randCheckCode", sRand); 
    System.out.println(sRand);
    g.dispose();  //释放g所占用的系统资源 
    ImageIO.write(image,"JPEG",response.getOutputStream()); //输出图片 
  }

}

2.web.xml配置


  This is the description of my J2EE component
  This is the display name of my J2EE component
  PictureCheckCode
  servlet.PictureCheckCode
 


  PictureCheckCode
  /pictureCheckCode
 

3.jsp页面输出验证码

<%@ page language="java" import="java.util.*" pageEncoding="utf-8"%>

HTML PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.01 Transitional//EN">



登录页面











  

验证码:
看不清,换一个


4.后台Servlet判断验证码是否与输入一致

通过request.getParameter(“checkCode”)获取输入验证码,与session.getAttribute(“randCheckCode”)比较是否一致。

public void doGet(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response)
      throws ServletException, IOException {

    String code = request.getParameter("checkCode");
    HttpSession session = request.getSession();
    if (!code.equals(session.getAttribute("randCheckCode"))) {
      request.setAttribute("errormsg", "验证码不正确");
    } 
    System.out.println(request.getAttribute("errormsg"));
  }

运行结果: